WHAT THIS MEANS FOR YOU: This study used Medicare and CDC datasets to examine telemedicine primary care among 62,000 AL residents with dementia during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic (2020). During the first three quarters of the pandemic, racially minoritized groups (Black, Hispanic) and Medicare-Medicaid dual eligibles were able to successfully use telemedicine at high rates. Gaps in primary care access between these groups and others (white, non-Medicaid eligible) were reduced due to telemedicine. This could inform CMS decisions about Medicare coverage for telemedicine primary care.
WHAT THIS MEANS FOR YOU: A survey about AL family caregiver experiences in Western Canada was conducted before and during waves one (Mar to Jun 2020) and two (Oct 2020 to Feb 2021) of the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 386 family caregivers representing 110 AL communities participated. In-person visits and caregiver involvement decreased significantly during wave one of the pandemic due to visitor restrictions. Caregivers’ concerns about their relatives significantly increased during both waves, especially when they did not feel well-informed or involved in their relative’s care.
WHAT THIS MEANS FOR YOU: The Houston Health Department conducted onsite assessments at AL communities to assess infection prevention and control practices. Larger AL communities better implemented CDC guidelines and were more proactive in their COVID-19 response activities. For example, many medium and small communities lacked access to COVID-19 PCR testing and had lower resident vaccination rates.
WHAT THIS MEANS FOR YOU: Vaccines are a part of the solution to infectious disease outbreaks like COVID-19, but not everyone is getting them, especially older adults. In a Canadian study, pneumonia vaccine uptake was improved by providing assisted living and long-term care communities with vaccine coverage data and providing automatic reminders for subsequent doses. Therefore, a cloud-based digital vaccination record is one solution to promote the uptake of adult vaccines for older adults, as well as tracking immunization records and sharing them with policymaking organizations. This can improve communication and inform policymakers to reduce the risk of infection in AL communities.
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Objectives To examine the prevalence of coping behaviors during the first 2 waves of the COVID-19 pandemic among caregivers of assisted living residents and variation in these behaviors by caregiver gender and mental health. Design Cross-sectional and longitudinal survey. Setting and Participants Family/friend caregivers of assisted living residents in Alberta and British Columbia. Methods A […]
Objective To evaluate whether assisted living (AL) residents with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD) experienced a greater rate of excess all-cause mortality during the first several months of the COVID-19 pandemic compared to residents without ADRD, and to compare excess all-cause mortality rates in memory care vs general AL among residents with ADRD. Design […]
Family or friend caregivers’ concerns about assisted living (AL) residents’ mental health are reflective of poor resident and caregiver mental health. COVID-19-related visiting restrictions increased caregiver concerns, but research on these issues in AL is limited. Using web-based surveys with 673 caregivers of AL residents in Western Canada, we assessed the prevalence and correlates of […]
Background: Residents of long-term care facilities face significantly greater risk of contracting or dying from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, little is known about COVID-19 in assisted living communities (ALCs) and the potential determinants of its spread. We examined the association between COVID-19 cases in ALCs and the proportion of Medicare-Medicaid (dual) eligible minority residents, […]
Background Family and friend caregivers play significant roles in advocating for and ensuring quality health and social care of residents in Assisted Living (AL) homes. However, little is known about how the COVID-19 pandemic and related visitor restrictions affected their health and mental well-being. We examined the prevalence and correlates of anxiety and depressive symptoms […]
Background Assisted living (AL) is the largest residential long-term care provider in the United States, including for persons with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. Despite recognizing the challenge of infection control for persons with dementia, this study of 119 AL communities is the first to describe dementia-relevant COVID-19 infection control across different types of AL […]
The purpose of this study was to test the preliminary effectiveness and feasibility of implementation of Function Focused Care for Assisted Living Using the Evidence Integration Triangle in Assisted Living Communities with Residents with Dementia (FFC-AL-EIT-D) during the pandemic. This was a single group pre-post study design including 51 communities in a single state. The […]
The purpose of the current qualitative phenomenological study is to learn about the lived experiences of assisted living (AL) community administrators during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Little is known about how administrators coped with the ever-changing mandates (e.g., visitation, testing, communal activities, acceptance of COVID-positive residents). Semi-structured interviews with AL administrators were conducted, […]
When COVID-19 hit the U.S. in early 2020, individuals aged 65+ were identified as a higher risk population. In Florida, Governor DeSantis issued Emergency Order 20-006 to prohibit visitation to facilities housing groups of high-risk people, including assisted living facilities (ALFs). Regardless, 672 ALFs of the 3,019 in Florida had reported at least one positive […]
In response to a rapid rise in mortality within assisted living, facility-wide resident testing found 42% of 182 residents had SARS-CoV-2 infection; 68% of which were asymptomatic for 14 days before and after testing. Resident testing was a critical infection control measure needed to control transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infection.
No abstract available.
Background and Objectives Assisted living (AL) constitutes an important sector of residential long-term care, yet there has been limited research about the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in this setting. This qualitative study sought to understand the impact of the early stages of the pandemic (February–August 2020) from AL administrators’ perspectives. Research […]
The COVID-19 pandemic had a big impact on assisted living (AL), a vital setting in long-term care (LTC). Understanding the strengths and opportunities for improvement through practice, policy, and research are essential for AL to be prepared for the next pandemic and other challenges. AL communities experienced the pandemic in unique ways, because of varying […]